Basic Nutritional Treatment Principles in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:
• Daily energy needs are determined according to individual characteristics. While providing bodyweight loss, it is aimed to lose 5-10% of the current weight in the first 6 months.
• Foods with a low glycemic index, high fiber content, low fat, and high protein content are preferred.
• Adequate consumption of oily fish (fish of unknown origin should not be consumed as it may contain heavy metals) is beneficial in terms of intake of omega-3 fatty acids. Appropriate Omega-3 supplementation is important in nutritional therapy.
• Fresh vegetables and fruits, which fight against inflammation with the vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants they contain, should be consumed sufficiently in the diet. In addition, packaged foods and allergic foods should be restricted to reduce inflammation in the body.
• Saturated fat intake should be limited and healthy fats (such as olive oil, almond, avocado) should be preferred.
• Particular attention should be paid to adequate vitamin D and calcium consumption.
• The consumption of refined carbohydrates, processed foods, and alcohol should be avoided.
• Daily caffeine intake should be limited and a sufficient amount of water should be consumed.
Rabia Yalinca, Dietician