FAST FACTS ABOUT GENDER SELECTION
How Does Gender Selection Work?
The sex or gender of the baby is determined by two chromosomes known collectively as the Sex Chromosomes. Egg cells from the female always carry an X chromosome while male sperm carries either an X or a Y chromosome. If a sperm with an X chromosome meets the mother’s egg, then the resulting embryo and baby will be a girl with an XX chromosome. If a sperm with a Y chromosome fertilizes the woman’s egg cell, the resulting child will be a boy with an XY chromosome.
As you likely already know, there is a pretty much even 50/50 split between boys and girls conceived naturally. Thus, to confidently determine the sex of your future child, you must be able to accurately select a sperm that contains a Y Chromosome or an embryo with XY chromosomes.
Detailed Steps of IVF Gender Selection
Because accurate gender selection requires In Vitro Fertilization, which in and of itself is a fairly intensive process, it’s essential to understand at least at a basic level what the whole process will entail. In general, IVF has four main steps:
Because gender selection requires additional embryonic testing (which takes several days to get the results from), it not only requires additional steps specific to the testing of the embryos, but it requires two “treatment cycles.” One involves the making and testing of the embryos, and the other, a Frozen Embryo Transfer Cycle involves the preparation of the uterus for transfer and the FET itself.